Former Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh’s full name is Manmohan Singh Kohli. Who is an Indian economist, bureaucrat, and politician by profession. He served as the 13th Prime Minister of India from the year 2004 to 2014. Dr. Manmohan Singh is the first Sikh to hold the office of Prime Minister and the first Indian Prime Minister after Jawaharlal Nehru to complete his five-year term. Friends, today we will discuss various aspects of Manmohan Singh’s life in detail.
|Real Name||Manmohan Singh Kohli|
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height (approx.)||in centimeters- 168 cm
in meters- 1.68 m
in feet & inches- 5’ 6”
|Weight (approx.)||in Kilograms- 60 kg
in Pounds- 132 lbs
|Political Party||Indian National Congress (INC)|
|Political Journey||. 1991: Elected to the upper house of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha.
. 1995: Re-elected to the Rajya Sabha from Assam.
. 1998-2004: Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha.
. 1999: Contested for the Lok Sabha from South Delhi.
. 2001: Elected to the Rajya Sabha from Assam.
. 2004: He became the 13th Prime Minister of India to the 14th Lok Sabha.
. 2007: Elected to the Rajya Sabha from Assam for the fourth time.
. 2009: On 22 May, elected the Prime Minister of India to the 15th Lok Sabha.
. 2013: Elected to the Rajya Sabha from Assam.
. 2014: On 17 May, resigned from the post of the Prime Minister of India.
. 2019: Elected to the Rajya Sabha from Rajasthan.
|Date of Birth||26 September 1932|
|Age (as in 2020)||88 Years|
|Birthplace||Gah, Punjab, British India (Now Punjab, Pakistan)|
|Hometown||Amritsar, Punjab, India|
|School||. A Village School in Gah, Peshawar
. Khalsa High School for Boys, Peshawar, British India (now, in Pakistan)
|College/University||. Hindu College, Amritsar
. Government College, Panjab University, Hoshiarpur (now, in Chandigarh)
. University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England
. Oxford University, Oxford, England
|Educational Qualification||. Panjab University (BA, MA)
. University of Cambridge (BA)
. University of Oxford (DPhil)
|Hobbies||Poetry, Reading, Writing, Listening to Music|
|Relationships & More|
|Marriage Date||14 September 1958|
|Wife/Spouse||Gursharan Kaur (Homemaker)|
|Children||Son: Not Known
Daughter: Amrit Singh (Lawyer), Daman Singh (Writer), Upinder Singh (Historian)
|Parents||Father: Gurmukh Singh
Mother: Amrit Kaur
|Sibling||Brother: 1 (Name Not Known)
Sister: Not Known
Manmohan Singh was born on 26 September 1932 in Punjab, British India (now Punjab, Pakistan). He was named Manmohan Singh at Panj Sahib (fifty kilometers from Rawalpindi); Whose first word “M” appeared on the page of the holy Guru Granth Sahib. Manmohan Singh received his primary education in the Urdu faculty from the Khalsa High School for Boys, Peshawar, British India (now in Pakistan). After the partition of India Pakistan, his family moved to Amritsar, where he continued his further studies at Hindu College, Amritsar. At the age of 13, Manmohan Singh learned political tricks. During his school days at Khalsa High School for Boys in Peshawar, Manmohan Singh participated in debate competitions. With this, he started participating in the hockey and football competition held in the school.
He received his bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Government College, University of Punjab, Hoshiarpur (now in Chandigarh) in the years 1952 and 1954. In the year 1957, Manmohan Singh completed a degree in economics from Cambridge University. During his college days at Cambridge University, he did research with his teachers about the creative role of politics. Being an educationist, Manmohan Singh was awarded the Wright Award in the years 1955 and 1957. In the year 1962, he completed his doctorate in Philosophy from Oxford University, where Manmohan Singh was a member of Nuffield College. He published the book “India’s Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth”, which is based on his doctoral thesis.
From 1966-1969, Manmohan Singh also worked in the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). In 1969, he also served as an advisor to the then Cabinet Minister, Foreign Trade, Lalit Narayan Mishra. From 1969-1971, Manmohan Singh was Professor of International Business at Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi. In the year 1972, he served as the Chief Economic Advisor of the Ministry of Finance; And became Secretary of the Ministry of Finance in the year 1976.
From 1980–1982, he served as a member of the Planning Commission. In 1982, Manmohan Singh was appointed as the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India and served in the post till 1985. From 1985–1987, he served as the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission of India. In the years 1987–1990, he served as the General Secretary of the South Commission in Geneva, Switzerland. In the year 1990, Manmohan Singh was appointed as the Economic Affairs Advisor to the then Prime Minister of India Vishwanath Pratap Singh. In 1991, he became the Chairman of the University Grants Commission.
Manmohan Singh was born in a Kohli Sikh family (Kukrain) to Gurmukh Singh and Amrit Kaur. His father was a clerk agent who imported dry fruits from Afghanistan and supplied to various places in India. His father often lived outside the city, due to which Manmohan Singh was rarely able to meet his father in his childhood. In childhood, his mother had passed away. After which he was raised by his grandmother Jamana Devi. He also had a brother, who died at a very young age. His grandfather’s name was Sant Singh.
Manmohan married Gursharan Kaur on 14 September 1958. So they have three daughters Amrit Singh (human rights lawyer), Daman Singh (writer), and Upinder Singh (historian).
In 1991, when India was facing a financial crisis, the then Prime Minister of India, PV Narasimha Rao, a member of the Indian National Congress, appointed Manmohan Singh as Union Finance Minister; However, Manmohan Singh had no political experience at that time. During this period, Manmohan Singh liberated India from the License Raj. He held this position till the year 1996. Manmohan Singh was elected as a member of the Rajya Sabha from Assam in the year 1991, PV. Narasimha Rao; He was re-elected as the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha in 1998 and remained a member until 2004.
In 1999, Manmohan lost to BJP’s Vijay Kumar Malhotra after contesting the Lok Sabha elections from South Delhi. During the 14th Lok Sabha election in 2004, the Indian National Congress Party formed a United Progressive Alliance (UPA) and won the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Congress leader Sonia Gandhi recommended the appointment of Manmohan Singh as Prime Minister. On 22 May 2004, Manmohan Singh became the 13th Prime Minister of India. In the year 2007, he was re-elected for the fourth time as a Rajya Sabha member from Assam. He had converted the sales tax into a value-added tax (VAT) during his tenure. In the year 2007, India had expanded to become the world’s second-fastest-growing economy by achieving the highest GDP growth rate of 9%.
During the 2014 general elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party defeated the Indian National Congress Party. Subsequently, Manmohan Singh resigned as Prime Minister of India on 17 May 2014.
- In the year 1952, University Medal Punjab University B.A. (Honors Economics) for outstanding performance.
- In the year 1954, Uttar Chand Kapoor to be a topper in Madel Punjab University MA (Economics).
- In the year 1956, Adam Smith Award Cambridge University, UK.
- In the year 1987, Padma Vibhushan Award by Government of India.
- In the year 1993, the Euromoney Award as Outstanding Finance Minister of the Year.
- Awarded Indira Gandhi Peace Prize for improving peace and development in India during the tenure of the Prime Minister.
- During his prime ministership, he was severely criticized by the opposition for being the weakest prime minister yet.
- Manmohan Singh was also accused of not conducting a rigorous inquiry during the 2G spectrum scam and the Indian coal allocation scam, which led to his resignation being demanded by the opposition.
As a Rajya Sabha member, Manmohan Singh has a monthly salary of 50,000 + other allowances. His total income is 11.6 crores (as of 2013).
Some Known Facts About Manmohan Singh
- Manmohan Singh studied in a village school in Peshawar; Where his roll number was 187.
- When Manmohan Singh was studying at Khalsa High School for Boys in Chakwal (a city in Pakistan), his father got remarried.
- In the year 1946, Manmohan Singh decided to study Chemistry, Physics, and Physics instead of History, Geography, and Civics.
- In 2004, when Manmohan Singh was appointed Prime Minister, his wife Gursharan Kaur was surprised.
- In the year 2019, a Bollywood film called The Accidental Prime Minister was made, which depicts the Prime Minister’s tenure of Manmohan Singh. In which Manmohan Singh is played by Anupam Kher.